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President's Session: 25 Years of Progress
To celebrate our 25th Anniversary the President, Professor Harminder Dua, will be chairing a special session to open Congress.

The session will look at 25 years of progress in a range of sub-specialities and an excellent faculty will ensure a great opening to the anniversary Congress!
25 Years of Paediatric Ophthalmology
Professors Carol and Jerry Shields, Tony Moore, Ed Wilson, Graham Quinn, Alistair Fielder and David Taylor analyse changes in paediatric ophthalmology, retinoblastoma, congenital cataract, ROP and retinal dystrophies over 25 years asking these questions:

“What have been the major advances?” “Are there any disadvantages or ‘dangerous avenues’ we are going up along with such advances?” “How has science helped?” and “What could we be doing better?”

It promises to be a fascinating insight into the impact on individuals of the changes we are living through”
Choroid the Forgotten Frontier Programme
A variety of topics related to Choroid will be covered.
Coming of Age of Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Ophthalmic epidemiology is the ‘basic science’ of clinical and public health ophthalmology and informs clinical practice, service provision and policy by

- shedding light on the causes and natural history of ophthalmic disorders;
- enhancing the accuracy and ef?ciency of diagnosis;
- improving the effectiveness of treatment and preventive strategies
- providing quantitative information for planning of services

Although an emergent discipline in comparison with other clinical specialities, ophthalmic epidemiology has had a substantial impact on clinical practice and policy and straddles both ‘translational gaps’ in in ophthalmology and visual sciences.
Diabetes and the Eye
This lecture will include the management of Diabetic Macular Oedema, the role of surgery in patients with Diabetes and capacity planning for Diabetic eye services.
Disorders of the Peripheral Retinal Vasculature Programme
This session will provide insights and discussion into the diagnosis, investigation, genetics and management of peripheral retinovascular disorders, including innovations in surgical treatments and a case-based presentation of challenging clinical scenarios.

Presentations from leading international experts in the field, Professors Jerry and Carol Shields and Professor Tony Moore.
This session describes the common electrophysiological tests and shows how these can be integrated with other diagnostic information to provide an insight into the mechanisms of retinal disease. The session will also take a look at new and emerging technologies.
EPR - here to stay
This breakfast session will include speakers on the cutting edge of information technology in ophthalmology. Melanie Hingorani will present a vision of how electronic records will enhance the process and quality of audit.

Chris Canning will tell us about his experiences in setting up a paperless hospital from scratch. James Morgan will share with us the trials and tribulations of using open source software in the NHS in Wales.

Finally David Yorston will describe the benefits of sharing data on outcomes in retinal detachment.
Eye: Meet the Editor
Andrew Lotery and co-editors, Sobha Sivaprasad and Nigel Hall will present a lively breakfast session on how to get your research published. This session will inform the audience how a paper is assessed and give useful tips on writing a manuscript and what excites a reviewer.

It will be of interest to anyone who wishes to increase their chances of getting published. Printed materials and free food will also be provided!
Eyelid Disease - An Interactive Session
An interactive session on eyelid disease covering eyelid lumps and bumps, challenging perioribital swellings, modern immunotherapy and how to save lives when disease has spread.
Grands Rounds: FFA/Ocular Imaging
Grand Rounds chaired by Professor Giovanni Staurenghi, Professor Alan Bird and Mr Adnan Tufail.
Grands Rounds: FFA/Ocular Imaging
Join the Panel for a lively Breakfast Presentation of "Interesting Medical Retina Cases" - just what you need at 8.00am in the morning!

These are a spectrum of cases from the common to extremely rare but are all challenging and difficult to manage or raise important management issues, which we all encounter at some stage.

Join the trio for some lively discussion!.
Grands Rounds: Neuro-Ophthalmology
Grand Rounds with Professor Klara Landau of the University of Zurich. There will be interactive case presentations, anyone who wishes to present a case to Professor Landau and the panel can contact either Dr Gordon Plant or Mr Mike Burdon.
Grands Rounds: Nystagmus
In this interactive session diagnosis and treatment of challenging cases with nystagmus will be presented. The audience is invited to actively participate. An expert panel will be available for discussion.
Grands Rounds: Strabismus
Come and join us for an early morning fun-packed strabismus session. This is an interactive session of case presentations and discussions by an international panel of strabismus enthusiasts with practical problems and solutions and plenty of time for questions and answers.
How to Run a High Volume Cataract Service
This session will explore how it is possible to deliver high quality cataract surgery and at the same time increase the number of cases per session while allowing time for teaching.

Whether you want to increase your operating list from 6 to 7 cases or from 25 to 30 we hope that there will be some relevant information for everyone.

The three UK speakers will look at how to use conventional phacoemulsification in a single operating theatre. Pavel Stodulka from the Czech Republic will explain his highly efficient model of performing bilateral femtosecond laser cataract surgery in two operating theatres.

There will be plenty of time for discussion
How to Run a Private Practice
Traditionally private doctors have worked alone. However the private practice market is making this increasingly difficult. It is not impossible, but by working alone you will have a number of weaknesses, not least the lack of negotiating power. We hope to start the thinking process about what may control or limit your ability to fulfil your ambitions. It is unlikely that we will be able to guide you through all the steps necessary to set up in private practice in the time allowed, but we hope to make a start!

In order to run a private practice, you will need somewhere to work, you will need to set your fees and either employ a secretary or work with one who is self-employed. You will need to establish a relationship with private insurers and to make yourself available from your NHS contract. You will need sufficient medical indemnity cover and you must be able to promote yourself so that those who are seeking your opinion and skills, (GPs, optometrists and patients) can find you. In addition, other income streams can be developed which include accepting extra work (as a self-employed individual) from an NHS hospital trust or other NHS commissioner, and doing legal work.

We will open with some thoughts on areas of the private medical insurance industry, how the Private medical insurance market is dominated by one insurer, BUPA. As well as discussing the advantages of working with your colleagues either as a limited liability partnership or as a limited company and the challenges of running a provider hospital or clinic.This programme covers the private medical insurance industry, the value of partnership working, the opportunities of a limited company and complete ownership of the value chain.
Infection and Inflammation of the Orbit
A session to illuminate, not mystify……….

Acute orbital swelling can present to any ophthalmologists whatever their speciality, often as an unexpected occurrence when on call for emergencies. This session unravels the maze to clarify differential diagnosis, acute investigation, management and the indications for biopsy.

In children post-septal involvement in infective orbital cellulitis needs to be recognized and treated with intravenous antibiotics as an inpatient. Decision-making often involves ENT surgeons and sometimes neurosurgeons, following clear rules about abscess drainage and the importance of clinical findings where radiological findings only follow. Professor Peter Dolman from the University of Columbia shares his trade secrets.

Inflammation, like a chameleon, constantly changes, reflecting the metamorphosis of immunology. Professor Ilse Mombaerts from the University of Leuven is constantly ahead of the game and has the gift of clear explanation of current concepts, including IgG4 disease.

Finally the interface of idiopathic orbital inflammation and Graves’ orbitopathy will be explored in challenging cases, with hints for pivotal patient questioning, dramatic radiological findings and blood tests and an opportunity to fire questions for the panel.
Late Breaking News: The IVAN Trial
This session will encompass a headline presentation, safety update and the pharmacogenomics of IVAN.
Management of Childhood Strabismus: The Rumsfeld Way
This session, led by four experienced paediatric ophthalmologists, will provide an overview of the management of childhood strabismus and indicate where evidence for best practice is lacking.

The aim is to focus on generic principles which can be applied to all types of childhood strabismus.

Bob Taylor, lead author of the College Strabismus guidelines, will open the session, followed by the guest lecturer, Professor Ed Wilson, who will discuss strategies that he employs in his own practice which have been acquired through experience, and are not readily accessible through standard texts.

Michael Clarke will speak about areas where evidence for best practice is lacking, and Nadeem Ali will discuss his experience of dealing with difficult strabismus entities.
Management of Secondary Glaucoma
This session will cover many aspects of Secondary Glaucoma including Corneal Surgery and Secondary Glaucoma, Neovascular Glaucoma, Eight-ball Hyphaema, Uveitic Glaucoma Pearls, an update on Exfoliation Syndrome, followed by Managing Pigment Dispersion Syndrome and finishing with Holistic Care in Secondary Glaucoma.
Ocular Oncology
Dr Carol Shields Update on Imaging of Intraocular Tumours: autofluorescence and EDI OCT.
Professor Bertil Damato Update on conjunctival melanoma.
Mr John Hungerford Which radiotherapy modality for choroidal melanoma: protons, plaque or stereotactic radiotherapy?
Professor Ian Rennie Systemic screening for uveal melanoma.
Dr Mandeep Sagoo Update on vascular fundus tumours.
Mr Ashwin Reddy Factors in presentation of retinoblastoma.
Dr Carol Shields Serious eyes cancers masquerading as common benign conditions.

Followed by a Panel Discussion
Ocular Surface Disease: Problem Solving with the Experts
This fun and educational session is for everyone and is designed to stimulate questions from the audience.
Orbital Trauma
Orbital injuries are common, and frequently cause significant long-term disability including visual loss, double vision, and disfiguring enophthalmos. Early recognition and appropriate management of the injuries sustained may reduce long-term disability.

This seminar is designed to provide a very practical guide to the management of orbital trauma, and will be suitable for all ophthalmologists.

Issues to be addressed include:
• modern surgical techniques for fracture repair and orbital volume replacement
• the management and outcome of double vision
• short and long-term manifestations of drainage angle injury
• the management of retinal injuries
• the treatment of traumatic optic neuropathy
Posterior Segment Inflammation
This session will showcase the nationally commissioned Behcet's Syndrome Service, explaining its structure, giving insight from a patient's perspective and providing a clinical update on the presentation and management of this multi-system disease, including the use of biologic therapies.
Recent Advances in Anterior Segment Surgery
This lecture will include Accelerated Corneal Crosslinking, Femtosecond laser surgery, progress in Endothelial Keratoplasty and the artificial cornea.
The session provides an update on how ophthalmologists can prepare for revalidation and how their organisations should be supporting revalidation. It will also demonstrate some of the resources that are available to ophthalmologists who are assembling revalidation portfolios.
The Great Debate
This year in the great debate, we have an excellent array of speakers ready to do battle with each other over a selection of contentious issues.

Julian Stevens and Phil Bloom will exchange very different views about the significance of lasers in treatment of cataract.

David Steel and Alistair Laidlaw will be disagreeing on when to treat that Friday afternoon macula on retinal detachment.

Finally Adnan Tufail and Frank Holz will be having be debating the future of treatment for ARMD.

The debate is really enhanced by audience participation in the discussion and especially the voting, so we hope that as many of you as possible will be able to attend.
The Optimal Care Pathway for a Busy AMD Service
In this session, the speakers will each present on their service, highlighting a particular aspect of the pathway that is distinct about their approach.

This will be followed by a panel discussion to tackle issues in the pathway involving the speakers and audience.
Thyroid Eye Disease Programme
This session will cover the patient's experience and the management of TED, as well as the medical management and functional and cosmetic rehabilitation in TED, finishing with 'The Amsterdam Declaration'.
Tropical Disease
The session will cover recent research that is relevant to Vision 2020 in low and middle income countries. We will be hearing from experts in the different fields, who will demonstrate that there is much more to Vision 2020 than high volume cataract surgery alone.

Highlights will include Dr Ciku Mathenge, from Kenya, who will be presenting her research on the impact of posterior segment disease in a representative Kenyan population, and Professor Clare Gilbert, from the International Centre for Eye Health, who will be discussing how complex interventions can be implemented in developing countries. We intend that participants will be inspired and intrigued, and that a few will decide to get involved in Vision 2020 research themselves. The format will be lectures, but we expect there will be animated discussion and questions
Vitreo-Retinal Surgery for Macular Disorders
The role of vitreo-retinal surgery in the management of patients with macular hole and pucker is well established. Vitreoretinal surgery can however also assist in the outcome of a number of other macular disorders including the two most prevalent maculopathies presenting to Ophthalmologists, namely diabetic macular oedema and AMD.

This session will outline cases of DMO and AMD that might benefit from vitreoretinal intervention and potential new therapies including the possibility of RPE transplantation in AMD.